Dating a rock
10, 2010.) “In about 1830, Charles Lyell, Paul Deshayes, and Heinrich George Bronn independently developed a biostratigraphic technique [geologic column] for dating Cenozoic deposits based on relative proportions of living and extinct species of fossil mollusks….
Strangely, little effort has been made to test this assumption.
By doing so, we are guilty of circular reasoning if we then say the fossil record supports this theory.” (West, Ronald R., “Paleontology and Uniformitarianism,” vol. 216.) “It cannot be denied that from a strictly philosophical standpoint geologists are here arguing in a circle.
Any sequence in which an older fossil occurs above a younger one is stratigraphically disordered.
(Welles, Samuel Paul, “Paleontology,” In some cases darwinists have recognized circularity as a typical problem in evolutionary models and worked to avoid it.
“To test this idea, we matched earliest Cambrian records of carbon isotope variability from Siberia, Mongolia, and China with a Moroccan record constrained by five radiometric ages from interbedded volcanic ashes.
353-354.) “A circular argument arises: Interpret the fossil record in the terms of a particular theory of evolution, inspect the interpretation, and note that it confirms the theory. ” (Kemp, Tom, “A Fresh Look at the Fossil Record,” vol. Darwinian theory, however, is supposed to have, in addition to evolution, other less sweeping consequences which are more amenable to observational test. For most biologists the strongest reason for accepting the evolutionary hypothesis is their acceptance of some theory that entails it. The temporal ordering of biological events beyond the local section may critically involve paleontological correlation, which necessarily presupposes the non-repeatability of organic events in geologic history.
There are various justifications for this assumption but for almost all contemporary paleontologists it rests upon the acceptance of the evolutionary hypothesis.” (Kitts, David B., “Paleontology and Evolutionary Theory,” vol. 466.) “The intelligent layman has long suspected circular reasoning in the use of rocks to date fossils and fossils to date rocks.